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Head & Neck Cancer Surgery

What is Head and Neck Cancer

Cancer of the nose, mouth, lips, gums, tongue, throat, voicebox and other sites.

What causes head and neck cancer:
Smoking, cigarettes, cigars, pipes, chewing tobacco, snuff, ionizing Radiation, EB virus, HPV

How do I know about cancer:

  • Swelling or sore that does not heal, the most common symptom
  • Red or white patch in the mouth
  • Lump, bump, or mass in the head or neck area, with or without pain
  • Persistent sore throat
  • Foul mouth odor not explained by hygiene
  • Hoarseness or change in voice
  • Nasal obstruction or persistent nasal congestion
  • Frequent nose bleeds and/or unusual nasal discharge
  • Difficulty breathing
  • Double vision
  • Numbness or weakness of a body part in the head and neck region
  • Pain or difficulty chewing, swallowing, or moving the jaws or tongue
  • Ear and/or jaw pain
  • Blood in the saliva or phlegm, which is mucus discharged in mouth from respiratory passages
  • Loosening of teeth
  • Dentures that no longer fit
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Fatigue

How To Treat Head and Neck Cancer
Diagnosis: Panendoscopy (nasal endoscopy, Direct laryngoscopy, Microlaryngoscopy, oesophagoscopy), Ctscan head and neck with contrast, PET Scan , Histopathology

Treatment:
Many cancers of the head and neck can be cured, especially if they are found early. Although eliminating the cancer is the primary goal of treatment, preserving the function of the nearby nerves, organs, and tissues is also very important. When planning treatment, doctors consider how treatment might affect a person’s quality of life, such as how a person feels, looks, talks, eats, and breathes.
Find it, usually late-over 80% of tumors are late stage

  • Surgery (cut it out)
  • Radiation (burn it)
  • Chemotherapy (selective poisoning)
  • Combine the above